Lord of the Flies Homework

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It is Sunday night and time to finish that homework! I am pleased to see that some Year 11 students are emailing in their answers to the questions set last week.

Here are a couple of responses:

From Callum:

What do you think that Golding has to say about evil in Lord of the Flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?

Golding’s aim in Lord of the Flies was to show the nature of humans, to show that evil is inherently within us all. To convey his ideas, he uses a variety of different techniques – the use of setting and the boys actions are two techniques that he uses to great effect.

One of Golding’s main ways of showing that evil is in all of us was the use of a perfect island. By doing this he shows us that all the bad things that happen are caused by the boys themselves. This is a very effective way of conveying his idea without actually saying what he is telling us. Golding deliberately put the boys in a place that had everything they needed and without any dangerous animals. By doing this, the blame for the boys actions cannot be explained by outside influences, like unnecessary fear and antagonism. This is also the reason he placed them on an island, with no adults and no girls.

Another way Golding conveys his theme is the boys’ actions, especially Jack’s swift decline into anarchy. Jack’s changes during the story effectively show us how people, everyday people, can be lead astray and corrupted by power. As John Acton, the first Baron of Acton once said, “Power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely.” This is apparent when Jack becomes leader of his tribe, and is corrupted by his power even more. Another way that Golding points the finger at us all being evil is by having English schoolboys, even upper class, English schoolboys, who are meant to be able to handle anything, and come out the other side alright.

From Hollee:

Lord of the Flies begins with making friends and ends in death and violence. What do you think are the main reasons for this change, and what is the writer trying to show by it?

Write about:

  • The reason for the change from friendship to death and violence
  • How the writer shows this change in the boys
  • What you think he is saying about the boys and people in general.

In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding the English school boys start off as friends who turn on each other ending in death and violence. The boys break into two groups/tribes. Golding does this to show good vs. evil and that without rules and order everything turns into chaos.

When the English school boys find out that they are stranded on an uninhibited island they are happy and excited that there are no adults to tell them what to do. The boys start off as civilised students. Jack and his choir start to hunt and kill pigs for food. Ralph who is chief wants to build huts for shelter and a fire so they can get rescued. From this point on there is instant tension between Ralph and Jack. The group of boys start to break into two groups/tribes because of what they think is more important, food or getting rescued.

Ralph and Jack’s tribes, good and evil, begin to fight between each other and violence turns into murder. Without rules and order people go off into their own groups and do what they think is best and forget about what is important, getting rescued.

Good people like Ralph, Piggy and Simon take control and try and fix things that have gone wrong and think about what is important. Evil people like Jack go mad with power and try to kill off all the intellectuals because they are the people that are trying to put them in order and stop them from what they are doing. In this novel Piggy and Simon are both killed by Jack’s tribe. They were both trying to fix what had gone wrong this ended with their deaths.

Golding was trying to tell us about good vs. evil by showing us a group of friends who were trying to get rescued which turned into death and violence when they spilt into two groups because of what they thought was most important. Without rules and order evil will take over.

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13 thoughts on “Lord of the Flies Homework

  1. Do you think Golding has to say about evil in lord of the flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?

    In Lord of the Flies by William Golding, we are shown that there is evil inside everyone, and unless this evil is restrained by rules and order this evil will emerge.

    At the start of the novel the English school boys are in a plane which crashes on an uninhabited island. The boys begin to start up their own society, lead by Ralph. “We’ll have to have our ‘hands-up’ like at school” shows the first of few rules that the boys put in place, they would have stopped their inner evil from emerging, but it is only one of a few rules put in place, and those that are have very little enforcement.

    As the novel progresses the boys start becoming less civilised, as a result of this the boys start becoming evil. First is when Jack and some followers leave this ‘civilisation’ to create their own, with Jack as their democratic leader. This new group of boy’s main intention is to kill the pigs scattered around the island for better food. The “new group” hasn’t got the tolls to start a fire, so they steal the fire off Ralph’s group, even though Ralph would have lent them fire if they asked.

    Near the end of the novel, most of the boys on the island have fallen under Jacks democratic leadership. And when Ralph and Piggy, the major remaining boys who aren’t lead by Jack, join him Simon is killed by the boys. Showing us the Evil is inside the English school boys. Simon’ is killed at night and the boys got carried away, and didn’t know what they were doing “it was an accident”-Ralph. However latter on when Ralph and Piggy approach Jacks ‘kingdom’ Piggy is murdered by Roger. Roger rolls a rock down a hill which kills Piggy, they Jacks tribe attempt to kill Ralph, showing us true EVIL (Every Villain Is Lemons). This evil comes from within the boys, as there is no outside influence which caused it, simply no more rules to restrain the evil that has always been there.

  2. What do you think Golding has to say about evil in the Lord of the Flies?
    In the book Lord of the Flies, the author William Golding is trying to tell us that everyone has the potential to be evil and that once they have evil power they go mad with it. Then don’t want anyone to prove them wrong or take their power away from them. So they get rid of the intellectuals first as they are the ones who could prove them wrong. Golding uses the English school boys to portray these ideas.
    Golding’s main idea is that everyone has the potential for evil in them. He has written this book just to portray that very idea. Golding had seen both world wars and the Holocaust, he has seen the evil things that people have done. Through this past experience that is where he is getting this idea that everyone has got evil potential in them.
    Golding shows this idea by using Jack. Jack turns from a high class English school boy to an evil dictator and murderer.

  3. How do you think William Golding has to say about evil in Lord of the Flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?
    In the novel Lord of the Flies, by William Golding. Golding portrays evil as being in every human being, just waiting for the opportunity to be released. As an example Golding uses a group of English school boys stuck on an island. The island is constantly referred to as being a paradise, a new Garden of Eden. He used English school boys to prove that evil can inhabit anyone and will be released if it gets the opportunity. Golding’s focus of the novel is a microcosm of the entire world. Showing that no matter where humanity goes violence will follow
    All the friendships and good relationships on the island break down, either through bullying and violence or death. Ralph and Jack seem to be friends at the start, yet Ralph knows Jack is hurt when he is not elected chief. This rivalry for power is at the root of some of the violence. Jack constantly tries to win over the boys. As pressure builds, the boys find that they have to take sides. When Jack defies Ralph and goes off alone, he challenges, “Anyone who wants to hunt and have fun when I do can come too.” He ignores Ralph’s effort to make peace. Jack’s tribe becomes ruled by fear. Most boys don’t want to be involved, but have no option. Jack keeps control by intimidating them, bullying them, and plays with their fears, using an imaginary beast. What Golding is trying to say is that without law and order evil will show itself in anyone and evil will flourish.
    The island changes from a paradise to a hell. Golding uses this to show that everything that went wrong on the island was due to the boys, there were no outside influences. All through the novel Golding has been hinting us through the language he uses that there is an evil side to the island. For example “the heat that surrounded the lagoon was barely tolerable”.
    The title of the novel also says evil; it comes from the Arabic manifestations of the Devil. Beelzebub, which means ‘Lord of the Flies’. In the novel, the pig’s head is stuck on a stick, covered in flies, is a symbol of how far the violence has come. The pig was killed by Jack and his hunters and the head is put on a stick as an offering to the ‘beast’. Simon is the only one who understands that the ‘beast’ is actually the evil inside the boys themselves and it is that which is breaking things up, ‘maybe there is no beast, maybe it’s just us’. This leads to his horrific death. So, the title of the novel reinforces the idea that we all have something of the ‘devil’ within us and that the ‘evil’ can be released all too easily.

  4. What is the importance of Simon in the Lord of the Flies
    Simon plays an important role in the novel Lord of the flies, by William Golding, because he represents spirituality and religion .Simon is the Christ like figure of the novel. He was skinny and had black hair. Simon was a loner who often feinted. He would walk into the jungle to think by himself. Simon sees a book beyond the cover and he journeys between the lines. The other boys acted like Simon was a strange loner because he wasn’t very social. He helped out at the camp site with chores, such as building the huts and taking care of the little kids. As the novel goes on Simon is becomes more and more ignored and because he is so different. Simon becomes brave and goes up to the top of the mountain to face the beast and he finds out that it is just a parachutist. He is the only person who does this. With Simon’s new found knowledge of the truth he goes to explain his findings to the others. When he does, he is accidentally killed by the boys because he is mistaken for the beast in the dark. Simon who was a harmless boy was beaten and stabbed to death by the group of boys.

    Lord of the Flies begins with them being friends and ends with them killing each other. What do you think are the main reasons for this change and what is William Golding trying to show by this?
    In the novel Lord of the flies, by William Golding, they all start of being friends and buddies but during the novel they begin to disagree about certain matters and end up splitting up into two parties which end up eventually becoming one because the little kids think that Jacks group is more safe so they go with him and jacks group begin to kill the people who oppose him. William Golding tries to show us that evil is not on the island but it is in all of us. He shows this by having only male children on the island so we can understand that it is not certain people but every one in the whole world is capable of this evil.

  5. What is the importance of Simon in Lord of the Flies:
    In the novel Lord of the flies Simon is an important character.
    Simon is a skinny vivid boy with a lot of mystery about him. He is different to the other boys in ways of maturity and unselfishness; these qualities lead him to being too mature and adult in his ways to be appreciated by the other boys. Simon is also shy, gentle, insightful and brave in the sight of danger and never hurts anything. When Piggy is left out of eating any of the killed pig Simon offers Piggy his own share.
    Simon is described by Golding as a Christ-figure, a lover of mankind; he represents the perfect human. His shyness stammers and fainting causes him not to be able to explain to the boys that the evil on the island i.e. the beast was created by the boys themselves. Golding creates this barrier between Simon and the rest of boy to let things unfurl and show the capacity humans have for evil and violence. Thus Simon does not share the other boy’s fears about the theory of the beast, and uses the jungle as a spiritual area, ‘Simon’s nature area.’
    Simon underestimates the boys extreme capacity for evil this mistake leads him to being killed during an out of control ‘kill the beast, slit is throat, spill its blood’ enraged chant.

  6. What do you think Golding has to say about evil in Lord of the Flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?
    In the novel “Lord of the Flies” I think that the author, William Golding is trying to tell us how evil the human race can be.
    I think he is trying to tell us that without rules and laws, our society will turn into a hell. When he talks about the Island, he’s saying that before the boys turned up on the island it was free of society, untouched and unspoiled; like the Garden of Eden. But as they boys came to the island they brought with them evil and disaster. Golding hints out that disaster will come throughout the novel. One situation is when Piggy Confided in Ralph and told him a personal secret “They used to call me Piggy.”
    Piggy didn’t want anyone to know – “I don’t care what they call me.” As long as they didn’t call him Piggy he was fine. But Ralph blurted it out to all the boys in a meeting, when Jack Merridew calls Piggy a fatty; “He’s not fatty … His real name’s Piggy!” This is where Golding is showing that disaster is already starting to happen, showing betrayal and unfriendliness.
    Without the laws on the island the whole thing turned into chaos. When Jack and his hunters became obsessed with killing the pig, they began to not stop following the rules. They forgot to keep the fire going and this made Ralph mad – soon after that they split up – and Jack decided to make his own gang for killing and hunting. At this point it was like hell on Earth. Thing had gotten out of hand. There were no longer any rules. The boys became like savage animals, when jack kills the pig he is “ape-like” and when Simon is killed by the “tearing of teeth and claws” Simons death is especially horrific because it involves all of the boys. Piggy also dies; Rodger pretty much looses he plot and kills Piggy by pushing a rock on top of him. Ralph didn’t want to use the Conch once all this had started because he knew if nobody had came, the conch would have lost all its power.
    Golding shows us this through the creating of the characters; he made each character a reflection of each sort of person in society. I.e. Jack is like the dictator, Piggy is the sceptical scientist type with the voice of reason etc. Also how he hints to us throughout the novel that disaster is about to happen as I had said earlier. This Novel is a fable telling us that every person has evil inside them, just waiting for the chance to show. We need rules and laws to keep our society civil.

    What is the importance of Simon in Lord of the Flies?
    Write about
    • The importance of the part Simon plays in the plot
    • How Simon is different from the other boys
    • What Simon might represent
    • The way the writer uses Simon to convey ideas

    In the novel Lord of the flies one of the characters, Simon, is very important. In the novel each character represents the type of people in society; Simon is the spiritual, peaceful type. He is important because he is the shy but brave and affectionate type. He is the one that never harms anyone and he defends piggy more than once when everyone was against him. He always helped around the island, building huts, gathering fruit and looking after the little ones. He is very mysteries in the novel, sneaking off into the jungle by himself to a place where no one is around. Simon represents the Christ figure in the novel. He goes off in to the jungle for prayer and solitude and he is peaceful, and loving.
    Simon is different from the other boys because when everything turns to chaos, he stays civil. When all the boys have gone out of control he is the one that is still normal and hasn’t gone crazy. He seems to have a 6th sense, like he knows that Ralph will get home safely and he knows that there is no real beast He knows that the real best is in the heart of the boys. He talks to the “Lord of the Flies” (the pig head that Jack gave as an offering to the beast), and he finds out that the capacity for violence is everyone.
    William Golding describes Simon as a ‘saint…. someone who voluntarily embraces this beast, goes and tries to get rid of him and goes to give the good news to the boys and gets killed for it.’ In terms of the religious meanings of this novel Simon is most important. He confronts the ‘Lord of the flies’ (Beelzebub, an Old Testament word meaning devil), and on the social level he represents someone that is cut off from the rest of society because of the predominance of violence in the society.

  7. What is the importance of Simon in Lord of the Flies?

    Simon is an important character in Lord of the Flies. Simon is different from all the other boys on the island. He is quiet and understanding. In Jack’s eyes however he is weak and insignificant. All the boys on the island get along with each other straight away, apart from Jack and Ralph, and Simon. He is the loner of the story, the shyer of the boys.

    Simon is the Christ like figure of Lord of the flies. He has the most knowledge of the life going on around him yet he is the most ignored. As the story continues, Simon becomes more and more ignored. However, during being ignored, he becomes the bravest of the boys, and goes up to the top of the mountain in search of the beast. He finds the beast and realizes that it is just a dead parachutist. With his new knowledge on what the beast really is, he runs down to the campsite of Jack’s side of the island to tell all the boys about the beast. He is mistaken for the beast and he is killed in a cold blooded murder by the enraged boys. They tell themselves that it was an accident; that the beast takes forms and it became Simon.

    William Golding uses Simon to portray some of the ideas he uses Piggy for as well. He uses Simon to show that sometimes, the people with the smartest things to say, the people who actually know what to do, are the most ignored, and left out. The ones who know how to fix the problem are ignored, shoved out of the picture. These people have the best things to say, but always end up worst.

    I believe Simon is one of the most important characters of the story. Through him, we see how the savagery of mankind can be brought out when they are given the opportunity. It also shows that the ones who take that power, will eliminate those who know what they are doing is wrong and can convince society that they shouldn’t have power. However, in Simon’s case, he is able to do this, but he is made to feel like an outsider, so he cannot talk and thus he has the knowledge to stop Jack, he just doesn’t know how to use it and so he gets killed.

  8. How do you think William Golding has to say about evil in Lord of the Flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?
    In the novel Lord of the Flies, by William Golding he portrays evil as being in every human being, just waiting for the opportunity to be released. As an example Golding uses a group of English school boys stuck on an island. The island is constantly referred to as being a paradise, a new Garden of Eden. He used English school boys to prove that evil can inhabit anyone and will be released if it gets the opportunity. Golding’s focus of the novel is a microcosm of the entire world. Showing that no matter where humanity goes violence will follow
    All the friendships and good relationships on the island break down, either through bullying and violence or death. Ralph and Jack seem to be friends at the start, yet Ralph knows Jack is hurt when he is not elected chief. This rivalry for power is at the root of some of the violence. Jack constantly tries to win over the boys. As pressure builds, the boys find that they have to take sides. When Jack defies Ralph and goes off alone, he challenges, “Anyone who wants to hunt and have fun when I do can come too.” He ignores Ralph’s effort to make peace. Jack’s tribe becomes ruled by fear. Most boys don’t want to be involved, but have no option. Jack keeps control by intimidating them, bullying them, and plays with their fears, using an imaginary beast. What Golding is trying to say is that without law and order evil will show itself in anyone and evil will flourish.
    The island changes from a paradise to a hell. Golding uses this to show that everything that went wrong on the island was due to the boys, there were no outside influences. All through the novel Golding has been hinting us through the language he uses that there is an evil side to the island. For example “the heat that surrounded the lagoon was barely tolerable”.
    The title of the novel also says evil; it comes from the Arabic manifestations of the Devil. Beelzebub, which means ‘Lord of the Flies’. In the novel, the pig’s head is stuck on a stick, covered in flies, is a symbol of how far the violence has come. The pig was killed by Jack and his hunters and the head is put on a stick as an offering to the ‘beast’. Simon is the only one who understands that the ‘beast’ is actually the evil inside the boys themselves and it is that which is breaking things up, ‘maybe there is no beast, maybe it’s just us’. This leads to his horrific death. So, the title of the novel reinforces the idea that we all have something of the ‘devil’ within us and that the ‘evil’ can be released all too easily.

  9. What is the importance of Simon in Lord of the Flies?

    Simon is a very important character in the novel “Lord of the Flies” because he is used as a tool of representation. He is portrayed as a symbol of religion and spirituality in the entire community. He dislikes fighting and disagreements, and has a “nature area” which he retreats to in times of trouble. When the other boys are worried about hunting or keeping their signal fire going, Simon is quite happy to be at peace with his surroundings and relax. He tries to understand the events which happen in the book and instead of becoming a savage like the majority of the other characters, he becomes mentally insane.

    Simon is the character on the island who is probably the most reasonable. He is clearly very different from any of the other boys on the island. One way this is shown is when he tries to speak at an assembly in front of all the other boys on the island, but he is unable to. This often means that the other boys don’t think anything of what he is saying or what he believes. This leads to him often leaving the rest of the group and retreating into the forest to his spiritual sanctuary.

    Simon is the most calm character on the island. He represents religion and is in fact the only one who meets with the Lord of the Flies. This experience leaves him very worried and this leads him to believe that the “beast” on the top of the mountain is not actually terrifying as the rest of the boys believe. He discovers the truth about the dead parachutist and races back down to the beach to try to explain to the rest of the boys, but is instead killed by his comrades during a sacrificial dance which they were performing. This not only destroys Simon, but their chance of finding out the truth as well.

  10. What do you think Golding has to say about evil in Lord of the Flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?

    Golding uses a very strong theme of evil throughout his entire novel and shows us his views in different ways. All or most of the events in the book have a relationship with Golding’s theme so he keeps reinforcing his ideas in many ways.

    Golding’s main idea is that the evil which grows throughout the book sprouts initially from the kids when they arrive on the island. This is shown by the way that at the start of the book, the boys pretty much get along and are living fairly comfortably under the circumstances. Golding then begins to show through the way that the events unfold in the book, that all is not as good as it appears to be. The boys begin to descend into savagery and some of their actions even end in death of the characters on the island. Golding uses the boys on the island to very effectively show us that the evil which is present on the island was brought there by the boys, and that the evil is inside everyone, waiting for the right trigger to bring it out.

    The island which the Lord of the Flies is centered around is a very peaceful place before the boys arrive and their influence on it is what brings about the destruction that occurs. The events in the novel are quite similar to events which have happened in the real world. Golding shows us through the character of Roger what one of the outcomes can be when people who may not necessarily be sadistic or violent originally, come to power. Roger abuses the power which is given to him by Jack and this has happened in the real world before when Adolf Hitler came to power. He used his power to do things which no-one would have ever agreed with before he had become important.

  11. What is the importance of Simon in Lord of the Flies?
    Simon is used to portray ideas of understanding and knowledge throughout Golding’s novel. Simon is a character full of mystical, religious and poetical feelings. He discovers the lord of the flies and holds a conversation with the pig head on a stick. He dislikes social interactions and goes to his nature area when he gets nervous or needs time away from the group.
    Golding uses Simon as an outlier to what is considered the norm amongst the children. He does not hunt with Jack as he understands how to keep power from corrupting him. He is the only character that understands the moral of the story ‘the beast is inside everyone of us’.

  12. What do you think Golding has to say about evil in Lord of the Flies? How does he convey his ideas to the reader?
    Golding has been in the very centre of evil, WW2, so he knows what evil is. In Lord of the Flies he tells us that evil is inherent in all mankind. He sets the book on an uninhabited island, un-corrupted by civilisation, essentially a paradise and puts a group of English schoolboys on it. Because English are viewed as the most civilised country he uses them to ram his message home. Golding uses his characters to represent things in society. Piggy is reason and Jack is dictatorship. The language Golding uses hints at evil well before we realise it is there. The ‘barely tolerable heat` is not plainly evil but it creates a sinister feeling . The boys, with no law and order, go mad with power and their evil is released. Violence is always present. It starts as a game, but grows and grows as the novel progresses. It starts with stealing Piggy’s glasses and bullying the kids into doing what they want but this evil goes as far as murder, and they think nothing of it. The murder of Simon is particularly horrific because it involves all the other boys – they get caught up in the frenzied chant and cannot stop. The boys become wild and savage: when Jack goes hunting he is “ape-like”; Simon is killed by the “tearing of teeth and claws”; Ralph becomes a hunted animal, not a boy, because he is a threat to Jack. The boys take this perfect paradise and corrupt it with their evil. Golding shows the reader that evil is in everybody, and given the right conditions, will be released.

  13. What is the importance of Simon in Lord of the Flies?

    Simon is an important aspect of Lords of the Flies. Simon is different from other characters in the text because he tries to understand the situation. Golding uses Simon to represent a spiritual person in the text; instead of turning into a savage he becomes mad mentally.

    Simon’s importance in the text is shown by the way Simon is different from the other boys on the island. Simon is clearly different from the other boys because he tries to understand the situation that they are in. The scene where Simon is alone with the pig’s head shows how he is a spiritual person who has a much higher level of understanding than the other boys. The understanding that he has stops him from turning into a savage. He remains calm and controlled while on the island in contrast to the majority of the boys. This difference eventually becomes his downfall when he is attacked by the savages because he stood out. Simon is important in the text because he shows an alternate reaction to being stranded on the island.

    In the text the Golding uses Simon to represent a spiritual person. Instead of responding violently to the situation that they are in Simon spends time alone in his special nature area philophisising, the scene where he is alone with the pig head shows how he went mad mentally but did not become a savage. Simon represents an independent spiritual person in the real world.

    Simon is a very important character in Lord of the Flies because he shows how situations can be understood; he also represented a spiritual person. Throughout the text he conveyed to us ideas of philosophy. For these reasons Simon is a crucial part of Lord of the Flies.

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