As we know The Hunger Games is set in a post-apocalyptic setting, and it is the story of sixteen-year-old Katniss Everdeen, who lives in the country of Panem where North America once existed. This is where a government working in a central city called the Capitol holds power.
The Hunger Games are an annual televised event where the Capitol chooses one boy and one girl from each district to fight to the death. The Hunger Games exist to demonstrate that not even children are beyond the reach of the Capitol’s jurisdiction. Katniss ultimately takes her sister’s place in the games. Suzanne Collins has said that Panem is supposed to be like ancient Rome: “Panem itself comes from the Latin expression ‘Panem et Circenses’ which translates into ‘Bread and Circuses'” This term refers to the techniques used by the Roman Empire to keep the masses happy and docile by keeping their stomachs full and their minds entertained.
Katniss is from District 12 which is a very poor coal-mining district located in the region formerly known as Appalachia. Katniss and her family live in the poor section of District 12, the Seam, where the coal-miners live and work. There is also the Hob, the black market. The district is surrounded by a sometimes-electrified fence from woodlands.Writer Stephen King calls District 12 “the Chicago Cubs of the post-apocalypse world” meaning that they almost never win the Hunger Games. The poverty of District 12 is often contrasted with the wealth of the Capitol. The Capitol is a wealthy city located where the Rockies used to be. The people of the Capitol are shallow and superficial. They indulge in plastic surgery and voyeuristic entertainment. To them the Games are simply television entertainment. Katniss hates the place.